faced to the danger of the National Front
Return on a second historic tour of presidential
elections, where the breakthrough of the FN will have aroused the
passions on the best way to riposte to it. We put out the fire but
until when? It will depend on questions that one is going to settle
now... Can the abstainers continue to play with the fire? The politicians?
Can they continue to ignore the abstainers? What is the part of responsibility
of the media and the polls? And if it was simply the fault to the
voters of the FN?...
The nightmare of the first tour (Caroline Fourest) In search of scapegoats ( ProChoix-Toulouse) Abstinence, trap for dummies ? (F. Venner) Polls: it is too much or no not enough! (Isabelle Casier) A voter on five! (D. Borrillo and B. Jurdant) The feeling insecurity: reality or fantasy? (Aline Baïf)
The instrumentalisation of the media by the National Front (Fiammetta
Crying conspiracy of the medias is
an old rhetoric of Jean-Marie Le Pen. Not only does this article produce
the statistic proof that through the years the FN has profitted by
a more important and more neutral media covering (especially thanks
to France 3 many reports about the actions of its local sections)
but it also shows that the FN knows perfectly well how to play with
the medias, against their will, to communicate to its audience. About the author President-founder of ProChoix, Fiammetta Venner has just defended
her thesis in Political Science at the IEP of Paris on Togetherness
Mobilizations. The case of the Radical Right from 1981 to 1999 (with
headmastership of Pascal Perrineau). Shes done research on the
Radical Right since 1990, publishing many articles and books on the
subject : especially Opposition to abortion, from lobbying to commando
(1995, Berg), Women and Extreme Right (1997, Golias), Sponsors of
the FN and its friends (1998, Raymond Castells)...
From Stonewall to Gay Pride: return on a political become
myth parade (Soizick Jaffre)
When we planned the first Gay Pride
events in San Francisco and New York around thirty years ago, we never
imagined that these spontaneous happenings would one day become enormous
and rigorously organized parades, famous and marginal at the same
time, drawing crowds worthy of tourist attractions. But with all its
appearances of frivolity, the Gay Pride parade presents a moving image
that itself shows all the complexity of the American gay and lesbian
liberation movement. Movement that, like the march itself, doesnt
always know which direction to take. About the author Soizick Jaffre is a graduate student in English at Michel de Montaigne
University in Bordeaux, where she is actively involved with the Gay
and Lesbian Student Association. She travels regularly between France
Amen : aright controversy (Jeanne
Last February, French opinion was
called on to interpret an advertisement for Costa-Gravass
new film Amen. Taking a stand against the extreme right journal
Agrif and the Catholic church, protestants saw the occasion for
a just polemic on the Vaticans attitude toward the Nazis
extermination of Jews. Jeanne Favret-Saada was Director of Studies at the School of
Advanced Studies (EPHE), where she was Chair of Religious Ethnology.
Author of the famous Les Mots, la Mort, les Sorts (Deadly Words
: Witchcraft in the Bocage), she has worked for several years on
secularity and the connections between religion and politics. She
is currently finishing a study on Christian anti-Judaism.
To be born or not to be born, such was not the question: Was
it Necessary to bury the stop of Perruche arret ? (F. Bolter & A.
In France, sexual harassment has long been considered as an exotic
phenomena, at best an American whim, sign of its puritanism. But in
the spring of 2002, a group of doctorate students broke a taboo and
made the subject public, exposing the risk of power abuse and sexual
domination in the student/teacher relation in college. At the same
time, a case opposing a headmaster and his female assistant was the
occasion of a violent debate in the pages of Le Monde. We had already
brought up the the risk of seeing this controversy sterilizing itself
in issue #20, this time we wanted to take a little perspective on
current events in order to try and distinguish false cases from the
true ones. Where is French Law at ? Is the denonciation of sexual
harassment really an American-type excess or one more anti-American
fantasy ? Can Foucault be called to the rescue by sexual abusers ?
Finally, how to get out of a moral sexual order (which only benefits
the strongest) and create a society where assent guarantees individual
For fifteen years, the French have been fantasizing
the repression of sexual harassment as a sign of the American puritanism.
You couldnt open the door to a woman in the USA without risking
to go to jail. A distorted image of the actual situation in the USA
since sexual harassment depends on civil rights and is at worst
condemned with a fine which says a lot about the one in France... Abigail C. Saguy is a teacher at the UCLA. She is the author of
What is Sexual Harassment ? From Capitol Hill to the Sorbonne, which
deals with the way sexual harassment has been defined in France and
in the USA (to be released, University of California Press).
Sleepy Foucault (Éric Fassin)
Rather than rehashing the rhetoric
of liberation, according to which the law of consent is but an additional
repression, Foucaults question from the 1970s can be our starting
point : If we refuse any kind of sexual exception in the law,
what becomes of rape ? In fact, the problem is not so much the
notion of sexual crime but the metaphysics of sexuality
on which it is usually premised. On the contrary, if we start from
the political status of sexuality, which is denaturalised in our democratic
societies, we can think of consent in terms of power rather than violence.
What is at stake is not only juridical it has to do with social
norms. Eric Fassin, Department of Social Sciences, Ecole Normale Supérieure,
is coauthor of Au-dela du PaCS. His most recent publications include
The Social Sciences in the Face of the Event, Sexual Events,
From one Affair to Another : Clarence Thomas and Monica Lewinsky,
and What is an Event? (Terrain no. 38).
Terminate the morality for the benefit of the willing sexual liberties
our societies think of themselves as freed from religious obligations,
a form of canonic moral is still insiduously organizing our relation
to sexe. It is therefore necessary to update our consideration on
freedom, especially in the fields of sexuality, and work on a laic
ethic based on the single principle of assesment. Jurist, specialized in law sociology, head of law conferences at
Paris X, associate researcher at the CNRS (Cersa Paris II), Daniel
Borrillo is also a former head of the legal group of Aides Paris.
Member of the network of European experts on discriminations on sexual
orientation (EU Commission), legal expert at the European Council,
he hosts the first legal seminar on sexuality rights DEA of human
rights and essential freedoms Paris X.
The ressassement of the misery at Houellebecq and Angot (Bruno
In France and abroad, a lot of sociocultural
analysts see in The Incest and The elementary Particles the statement
of " the new perception " which the western societ) has
of itself. Angot and Houellebecq would be from then on new megaphone
of our civilization, and its aspiration, despite the fact that their
novels lean almost exclusively on an effect of provocation: they take
literally racist, sexist commonnesses and homophobes which it is never
a question of transcending, but indeed to keep rehearsing and so,
from a political point of view, to consolidate.
WE READ : Gigola - Marché au sexe - Cherchez Claude Cahun
- Tökyö Mirage - Cliniques Méditerranéennes
n° 65 - Zoos humains - Stoppez les machines - Braquages
WE SAW : Le XXIVe Festival international de films de femmes de
WE WILL SEE: Le Festival Résistances
WE SPOKE ABOUT : 22 juin, Journée du don et de la greffe
is ProChoix ?
is a journal of information, investigation and political philosophy.